The Intent/Effect Tactic: A Practice of Rhetorical Listening

Meagan Rodgers


Recent scholarship shows that teachers across English studies continue to struggle with discussions of race in their classrooms. In this article, I offer the intent/effect tactic as a tool teachers can use to analyze and respond to racially problematic assertions. By asking students to consider not only intent but also effect, we can help them craft a practice of rhetorical listening that can lead to more productive dialogue.


rhetorical listening; race

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